Uruguay sorgt bei der WM für eine weitere Überraschung und kickt Cristiano Ronaldos Portugiesen raus. Matchwinner Cavani trifft doppelt. Es gibt zwei Arten Mensch: Typ Lissabon oder Typ Porto. Startet mit uns in unsere Rundreise inkl. Roadtrip durch Portugal, die eben dort. Nach der letzten Aktualisierung der landesweiten Liste ist Albufeira von der Liste gestrichen worden und gehört nun zu den Gebieten mit dem.
Roadtrip Portugal #1 – Eine Woche in LissabonSurfen! Das Ding, mein Ding. Ganz unerwartet irgendwie. Demnach war Mai Die Architektur in Lissabon wird von den Azulejos dominiert. Portugal. Cristiano Ronaldo hat seinen möglicherweise letzten Einsatz bei einer WM absolviert und ist mit Portugal im Achtelfinale an Uruguay. Portugal und Cristiano Ronaldo sind bei der WM im Achtelfinale ausgeschieden. Uruguay erwies sich für den Europameister als eine Nummer zu groß.
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Do you want to know a little more about the most famous cake in Portugal? It is a tasty custard tart that can be found everywhere, which is eaten usually sprinkled with cinnamon and If you are thinking about taking a romantic holidays in Portugal, here are some suggestions for you!
Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article requires login. External Websites. History World - History of Portugal Central Intelligence Agency - The World Factbook - Portugal.
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The escalation of the spread of COVID coronavirus in Europe, the pandemic declaration and the recent placing of the country in a state of alert by the Portuguese government has led to enormous uncertainty about the times ahead.
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Leben in Portugal Infos und Tipps zu Urlaub, Auswandern und Alltag in Portugal von Nord bis Süd. Mietverträge Der richtige Makler Zusatzkosten beim Kauf Immobiliensteuern Kauf von neuen Immobilien Immobilien aus zweiter Hand Kontrollen und Gutachten Selbst bauen Ankunft in Portugal Meldepflicht Führerschein NIF - Steuernummer Konto eröffnen Soziale Absicherung Sozialversicherung in Portugal Wer muss sich versichern?
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Da sich die Situation laufend ändert, verweisen wir wegen weitergehender Information auf die englischsprachige, ständig aktualisierte Seite "Safe Communities Portugal" oder direkt bei der portugiesischen Regierung.
Thus he returned to Portugal but left his son Pedro in charge of Brazil. When the Portuguese Government attempted the following year to return the Kingdom of Brazil to subordinate status, his son Pedro, with the overwhelming support of the Brazilian elites, declared Brazil's independence from Portugal.
Cisplatina today's sovereign state of Uruguay , in the south, was one of the last additions to the territory of Brazil under Portuguese rule.
Brazilian independence was recognized in , whereby Emperor Pedro I granted to his father the titular honour of Emperor of Brazil.
John VI's death in caused serious questions in his succession. Though Pedro was his heir, and reigned briefly as Pedro IV, his status as a Brazilian monarch was seen as an impediment to holding the Portuguese throne by both nations.
Pedro abdicated in favour of his daughter, Maria II Mary II. However, Pedro's brother, Infante Miguel , claimed the throne in protest.
After a proposal for Miguel and Maria to marry failed, Miguel seized power as King Miguel I, in In order to defend his daughter's rights to the throne, Pedro launched the Liberal Wars to reinstall his daughter and establish a constitutional monarchy in Portugal.
The war ended in , with Miguel's defeat, the promulgation of a constitution, and the reinstatement of Queen Maria II.
Queen Maria II Mary II and King Ferdinand II 's son, King Pedro V Peter V modernized the country during his short reign — Under his reign, roads, telegraphs, and railways were constructed and improvements in public health advanced.
His popularity increased when, during the cholera outbreak of —, he visited hospitals handing out gifts and comforting the sick.
At the height of European colonialism in the 19th century, Portugal had already lost its territory in South America and all but a few bases in Asia.
During this phase, Portuguese colonialism focused on expanding its outposts in Africa into nation-sized territories to compete with other European powers there.
With the Conference of Berlin of , Portuguese territories in Africa had their borders formally established on request of Portugal in order to protect the centuries-long Portuguese interests in the continent from rivalries enticed by the Scramble for Africa.
Even before the turn of the 20th century, railway tracks as the Benguela railway in Angola, and the Beira railway in Mozambique, started to be built to link coastal areas and selected inland regions.
Other episodes during this period of the Portuguese presence in Africa include the British Ultimatum. This forced the Portuguese military to retreat from the land between the Portuguese colonies of Mozambique and Angola most of present-day Zimbabwe and Zambia , which had been claimed by Portugal and included in its " Pink Map ", which clashed with British aspirations to create a Cape to Cairo Railway.
In addition, Portugal still ruled the Asian territories of Portuguese India , Portuguese Timor and Portuguese Macau.
His second and youngest son, Manuel II of Portugal , became the new king, but was eventually overthrown by the 5 October Portuguese republican revolution , which abolished the monarchy and installed a republican government in Portugal, causing him and his royal family to flee into exile in London , England.
The new republic had many problems. Portugal had 45 different governments in just 15 years. During World War 1 — , Portugal helped the Allies fight the Central Powers.
But the war hurt its weak economy. Political instability and economic weaknesses were fertile ground for chaos and unrest during the First Portuguese Republic.
Portugal remained neutral in World War II. From the s to the s, Portugal was a founding member of NATO , OECD and the European Free Trade Association EFTA.
Gradually, new economic development projects and relocation of mainland Portuguese citizens into the overseas provinces in Africa were initiated, with Angola and Mozambique , as the largest and richest overseas territories, being the main targets of those initiatives.
These actions were used to affirm Portugal's status as a transcontinental nation and not as a colonial empire. After India attained independence in , pro-Indian residents of Dadra and Nagar Haveli , with the support of the Indian government and the help of pro-independence organizations, separated the territories of Dadra and Nagar Haveli from Portuguese rule in Another forcible retreat from overseas territories occurred in December when Portugal refused to relinquish the territories of Goa , Daman and Diu in India.
As a result, the Portuguese army and navy were involved in armed conflict in its colony of Portuguese India against the Indian Armed Forces.
The operations resulted in the defeat and surrender of the limited Portuguese defensive garrison, which was forced to surrender to a much larger military force.
The outcome was the loss of the remaining Portuguese territories in the Indian subcontinent. The Portuguese regime refused to recognize Indian sovereignty over the annexed territories, which continued to be represented in Portugal's National Assembly until the military coup of Also in the early s, independence movements in the Portuguese overseas provinces of Angola , Mozambique and Guinea in Africa, resulted in the Portuguese Colonial War — Throughout the colonial war period Portugal had to deal with increasing dissent, arms embargoes and other punitive sanctions imposed by most of the international community.
This period was characterized by social turmoil and power disputes between left- and right-wing political forces. By the summer of , the tension between these was so high, that the country was on the verge of civil war.
The main episode of this confrontation was the successful assault on the barracks of the left-wing dominated Military Police Regiment by the moderate forces of the Commando Regiment, resulting in three soldiers killed in action.
The Group of Nine emerged victorious, thus preventing the establishment of a communist state in Portugal and ending the period of political instability in the country.
The retreat from the overseas territories and the acceptance of its independence terms by Portuguese head representatives for overseas negotiations, which would create independent states in , prompted a mass exodus of Portuguese citizens from Portugal's African territories mostly from Portuguese Angola and Mozambique.
Over one million Portuguese refugees fled the former Portuguese provinces as white settlers were usually not considered part of the new identities of the former Portuguese colonies in Africa and Asia.
By , all the Portuguese African territories were independent and Portugal held its first democratic elections in 50 years. In this capacity Soares tried to resume the economic growth and development record that had been achieved before the Carnation Revolution, during the last decade of the previous regime.
He initiated the process of accession to the European Economic Community EEC by starting accession negotiations as early as After the transition to democracy, Portugal bounced between socialism and adherence to the neoliberal model.
Land reform and nationalizations were enforced; the Portuguese Constitution approved in was rewritten in order to accommodate socialist and communist principles.
Until the constitutional revisions of and , the constitution was a document with numerous references to socialism, the rights of workers, and the desirability of a socialist economy.
Portugal's economic situation after the revolution obliged the government to pursue International Monetary Fund IMF -monitored stabilization programs in —78 and — In , Portugal, along with Spain, joined the European Economic Community EEC that later became the European Union EU.
Portugal's last overseas and Asian colonial territory, Macau , was peacefully handed over to the People's Republic of China PRC on December 20, , under the joint declaration that set the terms for Macau's handover from Portugal to the PRC.
In , the independence of East Timor Asia was formally recognized by Portugal, after an incomplete decolonization process that was started in because of the Carnation Revolution, but interrupted by an Indonesian armed invasion and occupation.
On 26 March , Portugal started to implement Schengen Area rules, eliminating border controls with other Schengen members while simultaneously strengthening border controls with non-member states.
In the country was a co-founder of the Community of Portuguese Language Countries CPLP headquartered in Lisbon. In , Jorge Sampaio became president.
He won re-election in January Expo '98 took place in Portugal and in it was one of the founding countries of the euro and the eurozone.
The Republic of Ireland was the only EU state to hold a democratic referendum on the Lisbon Treaty. It was initially rejected by voters in Economic disruption and an unsustainable growth in government debt during the financial crisis of — led the country to negotiate in with the IMF and the European Union, through the European Financial Stability Mechanism EFSM and the European Financial Stability Facility EFSF , a loan to help the country stabilize its finances.
The territory of Portugal includes an area on the Iberian Peninsula referred to as the continent by most Portuguese and two archipelagos in the Atlantic Ocean: the archipelagos of Madeira and the Azores.
Mainland Portugal is split by its main river, the Tagus , that flows from Spain and disgorges in the Tagus Estuary , in Lisbon, before escaping into the Atlantic.
The northern landscape is mountainous towards the interior with several plateaus indented by river valleys, whereas the south, including the Algarve and the Alentejo regions, is characterized by rolling plains.
Portugal's highest peak is the similarly named Mount Pico on the island of Pico in the Azores.
The archipelagos of Madeira and the Azores are scattered within the Atlantic Ocean: the Azores straddling the Mid-Atlantic Ridge on a tectonic triple junction, and Madeira along a range formed by in-plate hotspot geology.
Geologically, these islands were formed by volcanic and seismic events. The last terrestrial volcanic eruption occurred in —58 Capelinhos and minor earthquakes occur sporadically, usually of low intensity.
This is the 3rd largest exclusive economic zone of the European Union and the 20th largest in the world. Portugal is defined as a Mediterranean climate Csa in the South, interior, and Douro region; Csb in the North, Central coastal Portugal and a small portion of western Algarve ,  but has other climatic characteristics such as a Temperate Maritime climate Cfb in the mountains located in Northwestern sector mainland and also in some high altitude zones of Azorean islands, a Semi-arid climate in certain parts of Beja district far South BSk and in Porto Santo Island BSh , a Warm Desertic climate BWh in the Selvagens Islands and a Humid subtropical climate in the western Azores Cfa , according to the Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification.
There are however, variations from the highlands to the lowlands: Spanish biologist Salvador Rivas Martinez presents several different bioclimatic zones for Portugal.
The record high of In these places snow can fall any time from October to May. In the South of the country snowfalls are rare but still occur in the highest elevations.
Portugal's west and southwest coasts have an extreme ocean seasonal lag , sea temperatures are warmer in October than in July and are their coldest in March.
Both the archipelagos of the Azores and Madeira have a subtropical climate, although variations between islands exist, making weather predictions very difficult owing to rough topography.
Some islands in Azores do have drier months in the summer. Consequently, the islands of the Azores have been identified as having a Mediterranean Climate both Csa and Csb types , while some islands such as Flores or Corvo are classified as Humid subtropical Cfa , transitioning into an Oceanic climate Cfb at higher altitudes, according to Köppen-Geiger classification.
Porto Santo Island in Madeira has a warm semi-arid climate BSh. The sea surface temperature in these islands varies from Portugal is home to six terrestrial ecoregions: Azores temperate mixed forests , Cantabrian mixed forests , Madeira evergreen forests , Iberian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests , Northwest Iberian montane forests , and Southwest Iberian Mediterranean sclerophyllous and mixed forests.
Due to the human population decrease and rural exodus, Pyrenean oak and other local native trees are colonizing many abandoned areas. Boar , Iberian red deer, roe deer, and the Iberian wild goat, are reported to have expanded greatly during recent decades.
Boars were found recently roaming at night inside large urban areas, like in Setubal. These natural environments are shaped by diverse flora, and include widespread species of pine especially the Pinus pinaster and Pinus pinea species , the English oak Quercus robur , the Pyrenean oak Quercus pyrenaica the chestnut Castanea sativa , the cork-oak Quercus suber , the holm oak Quercus ilex or the Portuguese oak Quercus faginea.
Due to their economic value, some species of the genus Eucalyptus were introduced and are now common, despite their environmental impact. Laurisilva is a unique type of subtropical rainforest, which nowadays, in Europe, is only restricted to the Iberian Peninsula: in the Azores, and in particular on the island of Madeira, there are large forests of endemic Laurisilva the latter protected as a natural heritage preserve.
There are several species of diverse mammalian fauna, including the fox , badger , iberian lynx , iberian wolf , wild goat Capra pyrenaica , wild cat Felis silvestris , hare , weasel , polecat , chameleon , mongoose , civet , the occasional brown bear  and many others.
Portugal is an important stopover for migratory birds, in places such as Cape St. Vincent or the Monchique mountains, where thousands of birds cross from Europe to Africa during the autumn or in the spring return migration.
Most of the avian species congregate along the Iberian Peninsula since it is the closest stopover between Northern Europe and Africa. Six hundred bird species occur in Portugal either for nesting or during the course of migration , and annually there are new registries of nesting species.
The archipelagos of the Azores and Madeira are transient stopover for American, European, and African birds, while continental Portugal mostly encounters European and African bird species.
There are more than freshwater fish species, varying from the giant European catfish in the Tagus International Natural Park to some small and endemic species that live only in small lakes along the western portion of country, for example.
Some of these rare and specific species are highly endangered because of habitat loss, pollution and drought. Up-welling along the west coast of Portugal makes the sea extremely rich in nutrients and diverse species of marine fish; the Portuguese marine waters are one of the richest in the world.
Marine fish species are more common, and include thousands of species, such as the sardine Sardina pilchardus , tuna and Atlantic mackerel.
Bioluminescent species are also well represented including species in different colour spectrum and forms , like the glowing plankton that are possible to observe on some beaches.
There are many endemic insect species, most only found in certain parts of Portugal, while other species are more widespread like the stag beetle Lucanus cervus and the cicada.
The Macaronesian islands Azores and Madeira have many endemic species like birds, reptiles, bats, insects, snails and slugs that evolved independently from other regions of Portugal.
In Madeira, for example, it is possible to observe more than species of land gastropods. Portugal has been a semi-presidential representative democratic republic since the ratification of the Constitution of , with Lisbon , the nation's largest city, as its capital [ citation needed ].
The Constitution grants the division or separation of powers among four bodies referred as "organs of Sovereignty": the President of the Republic , the Government , the Assembly of the Republic and the Courts.
The President, who is elected to a five-year term, has an executive role: the current President is Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa. The Assembly of the Republic is a single chamber parliament composed of a maximum of deputies elected for a four-year term.
The Courts are organized into several levels, among the judicial, administrative and fiscal branches. A thirteen-member Constitutional Court oversees the constitutionality of the laws.
The Head of State of Portugal is the President of the Republic , elected to a five-year term by direct, universal suffrage. He or she has also supervision and reserve powers.
Presidential powers include the appointment of the Prime Minister and the other members of the Government where the President takes into account the results of legislative elections ; dismissing the Prime Minister; dissolving the Assembly of the Republic to call early elections ; vetoing legislation which may be overridden by the Assembly ; and declaring a state of war or siege.
The President is also the ex officio Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces. The President is advised on issues of importance by the Council of State , which is composed of six senior civilian officers, any former Presidents elected under the Constitution, five-members chosen by the Assembly, and five selected by the president.
The Government is headed by the presidentially appointed Prime Minister , also including one or more Deputy Prime Ministers, Ministers, Secretaries of State and Under-Secretaries of State.
The Government is both the organ of sovereignty that conducts the general politics of the country and the superior body of the public administration.
It has essentially Executive powers, but has also limited legislative powers. The Government can legislate about its own organization, about areas covered by legislative authorizations conceded by the Assembly of the Republic and about the specific regulation of generalist laws issued by the Assembly.
The Council of Ministers — under the presidency of the Prime Minister or the President of Portugal at the latter's request and the Ministers may also include one or more Deputy Prime Ministers — acts as the cabinet.
Each government is required to define the broad outline of its policies in a programme, and present it to the Assembly for a mandatory period of debate.
The failure of the Assembly to reject the government programme by an absolute majority of deputies confirms the cabinet in office. The Assembly of the Republic , in Lisbon, is the national parliament of Portugal.
It is the main legislative body, although the Government also has limited legislative powers. The Assembly of the Republic is a unicameral body composed of up to deputies.
Elected by universal suffrage according to a system of closed party-list proportional representation , deputies serve four-year terms of office, unless the President dissolves the Assembly and calls for new elections.
Currently the Government PS and the parties supporting it through a confidence-and-supply agreement BE , PCP , PEV control parliament with the most seats.
The PSD and CDS-PP parties form the opposition to the government alongside PAN , Chega, Iniciativa Liberal and Partido Livre.
The Portuguese legal system is part of the civil law legal system, also called the continental family legal system.
The main laws include the Constitution , as amended , the Portuguese Civil Code , as amended and the Penal Code of Portugal , as amended.
Other relevant laws are the Commercial Code , as amended and the Civil Procedure Code , as amended. The supreme national courts are the Supreme Court of Justice and the Constitutional Court.
The Public Ministry , headed by the Attorney General of the Republic, constitutes the independent body of public prosecutors. Portuguese laws were applied in the former colonies and territories and continue to be major influences for those countries.
Portugal was the first country in the world to abolish life imprisonment in and was one of the first countries to abolish the death penalty.
Maximum jail sentences are limited to 25 years. Portugal is also known for having decriminalized the usage of all common drugs in , the first country in the world to do so.
Portugal decriminalized possession of effectively all drugs that are still illegal in other developed nations including cannabis , cocaine , heroin , and LSD.
While possession is legal, trafficking and possession of more than "10 days worth of personal use" are still punishable by jail time and fines.
People caught with small amounts of any drug are given the choice to go to a rehab facility, and may refuse treatment without consequences.
Despite criticism from other European nations, who stated Portugal's drug consumption would tremendously increase, overall drug use has declined along with the number of HIV infection cases, which had dropped 50 percent by Drug use among to year-olds also declined, however the use of marijuana rose only slightly among that age group.
LGBTI rights have increased substantially in the past years. On 27 August , Portugal added the anti-discrimination employment law on the basis of sexual orientation.
The law came into force on 5 June Portugal has 49 correctional facilities in total run by the Ministry of Justice. They include 17 central prisons, 4 special prisons, 27 regional prisons, and 1 'Cadeia de Apoio' Support Detention Centre.
Operationally, the municipality and civil parish, along with the national government, are the only legally local administrative units identified by the government of Portugal for example, cities, towns or villages have no standing in law, although may be used as catchment for the defining services.
For statistical purposes the Portuguese government also identifies Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics NUTS , inter-municipal communities and informally, the district system, used until European integration and being phased-out by the national government.